القائمة الرئيسية

الصفحات

passive verbs

 

passive verbs

In English language, speech could be active, in this case, the person or the thing that does the action exists at the beginning of the sentence and this is called an active voice, however, if you want to focus on the thing that happened or the receiver of the action (object) you must use what we called the passive verbs.

active and passive voice frequency.

most of the common phrases that are used in everyday conversations are in the active voice. nearly al the time we know who is talking and what is he/she doing. most informal conversations in streets, homes, or with family and friends contain active voice sentences.


However in informal situations like formal letters, business writing, documents, and legal actions we tend to find the passive voice more commonly used there.

active voice meaning

An active sentence often begins with a subject example ( Ali - Ahmad - He- we - she - it - the school etc.)

this is an example of an active voice sentence: Ahmad sent an email to IBM.

we know who sent the e-mail to IBM ( Ahmad ) thus we can say that the subject or the person who did the action was Ahmad.

passive voice meaning

A passive voice sentence often begins with the object which could be a person or something.

example The e-mail was sent to IBM.

in this passive example, we don't know who sent the e-mail to IBM, we only know that the e-mail was sent and that is the important keywords here are ( e-mail - IBM ) so what exactly are the usages of passive?

The passive voice rules

to change a sentence from active to passive we need to apply these rules as follows:

1- delete the subject from the beginning of the sentence

2- being with the object ( place it at the beginning of the sentence )

3- change the tense of the sentence from active to passive tense

passive voice grammar rules

simple present passive

in the simple present, we use subject + verb infinitive or subject + verb + s,es,ies examples:

we go to school every day.

she goes to work at 8.

to change the simple present from active to passive we follow the rules above, let's take the first sentence.

we go to school every day. let's delete the subject ( we). and then we are going to begin with the object (Work). after this, we have to determine the tense which is here ( present simple ).

to change the present simple tense from active to passive we use 

object+am-is-are+ verb ( past participle)

work is gone every day

work is the object we began with

because (work) is singular we used (is)

the past participle of go is (gone)

the second example 

she goes to work at 8. ( try to apply all the rules we mentioned ) so it will become :

work is gone at 8.

simple past passive


to change the simple past from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+was-were + verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence.

he went to the cinema yesterday.
the cinema is gone yesterday.

the school refused his complaint.
his complaint was refused.


present progressive passive


to change the present progressive from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+am-is-are + being+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

she is cooking dinner.
dinner is being cooked.

they are playing a match.
a match is being played.


past progressive passive


to change the past progressive from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+was-were + being+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

he was studying English all day.
English was being studied all day.

she was cleaning the house all morning.
the house was being cleaned all morning.

present perfect passive

to change the present perfect from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+have-has + been+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

she has eaten some jam.
some jam has been eaten.

we have bought 2 pairs of shoes.
two pairs of shoes have been bought

past perfect passive

to change the past perfect from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+had+been+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

they had ordered the pizza earlier.
the pizza had been ordered earlier.

she had taken a shower this morning.
a shower had been taken this morning.

Future passive

to change the simple future from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the conversion rule (object+ will+ be+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

Andrea will travel to Spain tomorrow.
Spain will be traveled tomorrow.

they will buy a new house soon.
a new house will be bought soon.

Modals ( can - could - should - may - might - must - has to - have to )

to change the modals from active to passive we follow the rules above and apply the modals conversion rule (object+can-could......... + be+verb in past participle ) let's take the first sentence:

she can play the guitar
the guitar can be played.

he can lift the box
the box can be lifted.
  • فيس بوك
  • بنترست
  • تويتر
  • واتس اب
  • لينكد ان
  • بريد
author-img
Ahmad Elhendawy

عدد المقالات:

شاهد ايضا × +
إظهار التعليقات